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The red grape variety originates from Portugal. Synonyms are Castellana, Penamacor, Pennamaior, Pinot Aigret, Preto Rifete, Rifete, Rosette, Rufeta and Tinta Pinheira. It should not be confused with the Pedral or Tinta Carvalha varieties, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Perepinhao Portalegre (Verdejo Serrano) x Molar (Negramoll). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see Molecular Genetics). The white variety Verdejo Serrano (with synonym Rufete Blanca) is not a colour mutation. The late-maturing vine is susceptible to powdery mildew and botrytis. It produces light red, low-alcohol, acid and tannin-accentuated red wines with aromas of red fruits and ageing potential with yield reduction and appropriate ageing. The variety is mainly cultivated in the east of Beiras, as well as in the Dão and Douro areas. It is also permitted in port wine. In Portugal, 1,145 hectares are planted with it. In Spain, 714 hectares are planted with it in the Castile-León region. In 2016, 1,859 hectares of vines were designated (Kym Anderson).

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