The name of this immensely widespread and very influential family empire is inseparably linked to the European banking and economic history of the last 200 years. The Rothschilds are also well known in the winegrowing sector through their ownership of two of the most famous châteaux in the French Médoc region. These are the two vineyards classified as "Premier Cru Classé", Château Lafite-Rothschild (French branch) and Château Mouton-Rothschild (English branch). Due to the partly very close relationship as well as the proximity of the two wineries located directly next to each other, there have been close ties and a common history for over 200 years. There has always been an open rivalry between the two and this long before the Rothschild families took over (Mouton 1853 and Lafite 1868). A first reason for conflict was the fight over a plot of land called "Les Carruades", which is located right on the border between the two wineries. In 1845, a fierce dispute broke out between the two estate managers over the property, which was then decided in favour of Château Lafite.