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The famous vineyard is located in the north of the municipality of Pauillac in the Médoc (Haut-Médoc, Bordeaux). Directly adjacent to it is the Château Mouton-Rothschild. It was first mentioned in writing in 1234, where a Gombaud de Lafite is mentioned, an abbot of the monastery of Vertheuil, north of Pauillac. Since the 14th century, Lafite has been recorded as a fiefdom. The name "Lafite" is probably derived from the Gascognic "la hite", which means "small mountain" or "hill". This is a clear indication of the gentle rise on which the buildings of the estate stand. In the middle of the 16th century it was owned by the nobleman Joseph Saubat de Pommiers. In 1670, after his death, his widow Jeanne de Gasq married the notary Jacques de Ségur (+1691) from the famous noble family and brought in Lafite as a dowry. At that time, there were already few vines, but it was only between 1670 and 1680 that vineyards were planted on a larger scale. A piece of land called "Clos de Mouton" later became Château Mouton-Rothschild. Son Alexandre de Ségur married Marie-Thérèse de Clauzel, heiress of Château Latour, in 1695. At that time, three of the four Premiers Crus classified in 1855 were thus part of the estate.

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