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The famous vineyard is located in the north of the commune of Pauillac in the French area of Haut-Médoc(Bordeaux). Directly adjacent to it is Château Mouton-Rothschild. It was first mentioned in writing in 1234, where a Gombaud de Lafite is mentioned, an abbot of the monastery of Vertheuil in the north of Pauillac. Since the 14th century, Lafite has been recorded as a feudal estate. The name "Lafite" is probably derived from the Gascon "la hite", meaning "small mountain" or "hill". This is a clear reference to the gentle elevation on which the estate's buildings stand. In the mid-16th century, it was owned by the nobleman Joseph Saubat de Pommiers. After his death, his widow Jeanne de Gasq married the notary Jacques de Ségur (+1691) from the famous noble family in 1670 and brought Lafite as a dowry. At that time there were already small vineyards, but it was only between 1670 and 1680 that vineyards were planted on a larger scale. A piece of land called "Clos de Mouton" later became Château Mouton-Rothschild. His son Alexandre de Ségur married Marie-Thérèse de Clauzel, the heiress of Château Latour, in 1695. At this time, three of the four Premiers Crus classified in 1855 thus belonged to the estate.

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