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The famous vineyard is located in the north of the municipality of Pauillac in the French Haut-Médoc region (Bordeaux). The Château Mouton-Rothschild is located directly adjacent to it. It was first mentioned in writing in 1234, when a Gombaud de Lafite, an abbot of the monastery of Vertheuil in the north of Pauillac, is mentioned. Lafite has been recorded as a fiefdom since the 14th century. The name "Lafite" is probably derived from the Gascon "la hite", which means "small mountain" or "hill". This is a clear reference to the gentle elevation on which the estate's buildings stand.

Château Lafite-Rothschild - Weingutsgebäude

In the mid-16th century, it was owned by the nobleman Joseph Saubat de Pommiers. After his death, his widow Jeanne de Gasq married the notary Jacques de Ségur (+1691) from the famous noble family in 1670 and brought Lafite as her dowry. At this time, there were already a small number of vines, but it was only between 1670 and 1680 that vineyards were planted on a larger scale. A piece of land called "Clos de Mouton" later became Château Mouton-Rothschild. In 1695, his son Alexandre de Ségur married Marie-Thérèse de Clauzel, the heiress of Château Latour. At this time, three of the four Premiers Crus classified in 1855 belonged to the estate.

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