You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


The Catholic monastic order emerged as a reform movement from the Benedictine order and has its origins in Burgundy, France. It was founded in 1098 by Robert de Molesme (1029-1111) in the parent monastery of Cîteaux, north of Beaune. As a significant distinction, the monks wear white instead of the black Benedictine cowls. St Bernard de Clairvaux (1090-1153) founded the Clairvaux monastery in 1115 and issued a new rule for the order. As soon as a Cistercian monastery counted 60 monks, twelve of them had to leave and found a new monastery, which led to a proliferation of the order. This led to an enormous expansion, as in 1153 there were already 400 abbeys and 100 years later 2,000 Cistercian monasteries and 1,400 nunneries throughout Europe.

Voices of our members

Dr. Edgar Müller

I have great respect for the scope and quality of the wein.plus encyclopaedia. It is a unique place to go for crisp, sound information on terms from the world of wine.

Dr. Edgar Müller
Dozent, Önologe und Weinbauberater, Bad Kreuznach

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,386 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,720 Pronunciations · 203,020 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon