Peninsula located in the south of the mainland of Greece with about 21.000 km² (neo-Greek Morea); the name means "Island of Pelops" after a mythological figure. It is completely separated from the mainland by the narrow Corinthian channel, which was artificially created in 1893 and is over six kilometres long. Here are the strongholds of ancient culture such as Epidaurus, Mistra, Mycenae, Olympia (the venue of the Olympic Games of the ancient world) and Sparta. A flourishing wine culture already existed here in ancient times. On the south-western tip is the port city of Monemvasia, which was a famous transshipment point for sweet dessert wines in the Middle Ages and from which the name Malvasia, used for many grape varieties or wines, is derived. In 2010, Monemvasia-Malvasia was created as the fourth POP appellation, thus reviving the historic sweet wine.