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A peninsula of around 21,000 km² (neo-Greek Morea) in the south of mainland Greece; the name means "Island of Pelops" after a mythological figure. It is completely separated from the mainland by the narrow Corinth Canal, which was artificially constructed in 1893 and is over six kilometres long. Here are the strongholds of ancient culture such as Epidaurus, Mistra, Mycenae, Olympia (the venue of the Olympic Games of antiquity) and Sparta. A flourishing wine culture existed here even in ancient times. On the south-western tip is the port town of Monemvasia, which was a famous transhipment point for sweet dessert wines in the Middle Ages and from which the name Malvasia, used for many grape varieties or wines, is derived. In 2010, Monemvasia-Malvasia was created as the fourth POP appellation, reviving the historic sweet wine.

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