The white grape variety probably comes from South America. Synonyms are Moscatel Rosado, Muscat Rose, Pastilla, Rosada, Rosada de Curtiduria, Rosada de Talca, Rosado del Peru, Rose du Perou and Rose of Peru. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2017, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Muscat d'Alexandrie x unknown partner. However, it should not be confused with the Portuguese new breed Moscatel Rosado. Whether there is a connection to the South African variety Black Prince (Rose of Peru) is not known. Confusingly, rose berry varieties of Muscat Blanc are also called that way.
Either the variety was introduced from Spain to South America in the 17th century, or it only came into being there. It belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas. It is an all-female grape variety. The high-yielding vine produces qualitatively simple rosé and dark white wines and is also used for the brandy Pisco. It is also used as a table grape and for raisin production. In 2010, the variety was cultivated on 7,259 hectares in Argentina and 70 hectares in Chile. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 7,329 hectares of vineyards. Compared with 1990, when the area was 10,656 hectares, there was a reduction of around one third. It occupies 92nd place in the worldwide grape variety ranking.
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)