The largest island (3,604 km²) of the Balearic archipelago belonging to Spain (the Catalan name means "the larger", as opposed to Menorca, "the smaller"). It lies in the western Mediterranean Sea about 170 kilometres from the Spanish mainland. The capital Palma is also located here. Mallorca is the seventh largest Mediterranean island. It stretches 98 km from east to west and 78 km from north to south. In addition to the main island of Majorca, the administrative area of Majorca also includes the Cabrera archipelago (18.4 km²) and the island of Sa Dragonera (2.9 km²).
The "Serra de Tramuntana" mountain range, up to 15 km wide and over 90 km long, runs parallel to the northwest coast. The highest peak is the Puig Major at 1,445 m. On the side slopes of the mountains, tomatoes, beans and grapes are cultivated on terraced slopes. On the plain "Pla de Mallorca" in the central part, potatoes, rice, maize and vegetables as well as vines are cultivated and there are many almond tree plantations. In the northeast is the region of Llevant, which is crossed by the Serres de Llevant mountain range. There is a temperate subtropical climate with 8 hours of sunshine a day and sufficient rainfall. There are short, mild and humid winters and summers with little rain.
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