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The region (ital. Liguria) is located in the northwest of Italy and nestles kidney-shaped on the Gulf of Genoa. The coast of the Riviera di Levante and Riviera di Ponente is about 350 kilometres long and stretches from the French border in the west to the northern edge of Tuscany. The largely rugged and stony land is difficult to cultivate. The capital Genoa was already an important port in ancient times and in the Middle Ages it was the second most important transhipment centre for wine after Venice. Already the Greek historian Strabo (63 B.C.-28 A.D.) praised the Ligurian wine. The famous naturalist Andrea Bacci (1521-1590) wrote "that the wines of Liguria could even make stones blossom".

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