The region (Ital. Liguria) is located in the northwest of Italy and nestles kidney-shaped on the Gulf of Genoa. The approximately 350 kilometres of coastline of the Riviera di Levante and Riviera di Ponente stretch from the French border in the west to the northern edge of Tuscany. The largely rugged and stony land is difficult to cultivate. The capital Genoa was already an important port in antiquity and in the Middle Ages the second most important transhipment point for wine after Venice. The Greek historian Strabo (63 B.C.-28 A.D.) already praised Ligurian wine. The famous naturalist Andrea Bacci (1521-1590) wrote "that the wines of Liguria could even make stones bloom".