In all cultures of the world there was and is a drinking culture in addition to an eating culture. Wine in particular has always been more than just a luxury food, but also a medicine, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, preservative, comforter, source of strength, inspiration, sacrificial symbol, part of rituals, celebrations and contracts as well as in many religions a sacred medium with which a mystical relationship to God or the gods was established.
The "Codex Hammurabi", a collection of laws of the Babylonian king Hammurabi (1728-1686 B.C.), which according to Sumerian tradition is based on an inspiration of the sun god Šamaš, is mentioned: Wine is one of the most precious gifts on earth. So he demands love and respect, we have to show him respect. However, beer was probably the first alcoholic beverage even before wine, which was brewed in the early advanced civilizations at least over 6,000 years ago. Mesopotamia, Transcaucasia and/or, according to the latest research, south-east Anatolia in today's Turkey in the border area to Armenia with the famous Mount Ararat, where the biblical Noah is said to have landed, are considered the cradle of viticulture.