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Gorbachev Mikhail Sergeyevich

The Russian politician Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (1931-2022) was General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party from March 1985 to August 1991 and, incidentally, the last President of the Soviet Union from March 1990 to December 1991. With his policy of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (reorganisation, transformation), he ushered in the end of the Cold War and ultimately (unintentionally) the end of the USSR.

Gorbatschow - Porträt und UdSSR-Karte

Nobel Peace Prize

Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his achievements in 1990. Due to his complete abstinence from alcohol, Gorbachev was also known as "The Dry One". He devoted himself intensively to the fight against a lack of work ethic, corruption and alcohol abuse, which were also the causes of the USSR's major economic problems at the time. Rigorous measures against excessive alcohol consumption were adopted in a national campaign and implemented from 1985 to 1988. This was directed not only against the national drink vodka, but also against the production and import of wine.

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,424 Keywords · 47,030 Synonyms · 5,321 Translations · 31,757 Pronunciations · 207,491 Cross-references
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