Alcoholism (also alcohol dependence, ethylism, dipsomania, potomania, drunkenness, alcohol addiction, alcoholism or alcohol use disorder) is the dependence on the psychotropic substance ethanol. The mental and/or physical dependence on alcohol is mostly a social and human problem of the individual, but experience shows that it also has a negative effect on his or her environment such as family and profession. Throughout history, there have been and still are alcohol bans in various forms in individual countries or even in entire cultural areas, such as Islam, to prevent alcohol abuse or in principle the consumption of alcohol for various reasons through strict prohibitions. A significant example of the dubious success of alcohol prohibition is Prohibition in the USA from 1920 to 1933.
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