DOC area for a wide range of red, rosé and white wines on the 223 km² Mediterranean island between Corsica and the Italian mainland to the east, with the main town Portoferraio. Elba belongs to the Italian region of Tuscany (province of Livorno). It was the first place of exile of the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) from 1814 to 1815. In ancient times, wine was of great economic importance here and the Roman polymath and officer Pliny the Elder (24-79) described the island as "rich in wines". Until the beginning of the 20th century, around a quarter of the cultivable land was still planted with vines. Today there are only about 200 hectares of vines.
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