Wine growing area (Ward) north of Cape Town in South Africa, which belongs to the District Tygerberg (Coastal Region). Durbanville is named after the town of the same name, which takes its name from the former British general and governor Benjamin d'Urban (1777-1849). The cool climate is characterized by high rainfall, especially in winter. The higher altitudes consist of red granite weathered soils, the lower altitudes are sandstone sediments with good water storage. The vineyards border directly on the northern suburbs of the metropolis Cape Town. The climate is positively influenced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean with cooling sea breezes and nightly fog. The most important white wine varieties are Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay, the most important red wine varieties Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. The wineries there are up to 300 years old and are among the oldest in South Africa. Well known wineries are Altydgedacht, Bloemendal, Diemersdal, Durbanville Hills, Meerendal and Nitida.