Greek god of vegetation, viticulture and ecstasy or intoxication. He was also called Bromios (noisy) or Bakchos (shouting) because of the noise his entourage made. From this derives the name Bacchus, which is common in Roman mythology. He is usually depicted with ivy or vine tendrils and grapes. His external attributes are the thyrsos staff wreathed with ivy and vines as a symbol of fertility and the kantharos (drinking vessel for wine) shown in the middle of the picture, on which Dionsysus is depicted with a satyr (left) and in conversation with Hermes, the messenger of the gods (right). Dionysus also holds such a kantharos in his right hand. Dionysus' female companions were the Maenads. The oldest mention of him dates from the 13th century BC, although there are quite different versions of his birth and life story.