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Crater

In ancient Greece used bulbous wine vessel (also Crater, Kratér) in the form of a bell or jug with a wide mouth at the top. The name means "mixing jug". These vessels were made of clay or bronze and decorated with reliefs and paintings. Most of them had a height of 30 to 45 centimetres and a volume of about 50 to 100 litres. The first of the many artifacts found date from the 10th century BC. The vessel was used for mixing wine with water, which was common at that time. It was regularly used at the symposium, as is attested by drinking scenes in Greek vase paintings. It was placed on the floor next to the guests in the camp. From the crater the wine was then poured into the smaller Oinochoen (Chous, Olpe) and from there into handy drinking vessels like Kantharos.

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