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In ancient Greece used bulbous wine vessel (also Crater, Kratér) in the form of a bell or jug with a wide mouth at the top. The name means "mixing jug". These vessels were made of clay or bronze and decorated with reliefs and paintings. Most of them had a height of 30 to 45 centimetres and a volume of about 50 to 100 litres. The first of the many artifacts found date from the 10th century BC. The vessel was used for mixing wine with water, which was common at that time. It was regularly used at the symposium, as is attested by drinking scenes in Greek vase paintings. It was placed on the floor next to the guests in the camp. From the crater the wine was then poured into the smaller Oinochoen (Chous, Olpe) and from there into handy drinking vessels like Kantharos.

Krater - Attika 460 v. Chr. / Korinth 550 v. Chr. / Krater von Vix 6. Jhdt v. Chr.

A particularly large specimen is the famous "Crater of Vix". Vix is a place in the Burgundian Côte d'Or area near the Seine, where in 1952 a grave of a Celtic princess from the 6th century B.C. was found. Chr. was found. One of the grave goods was a crater made of bronze, which was manufactured according to the design in a Greek workshop (Sparta?). It must have been brought here in the trade between the Greeks and the Celts. The crater, which is 164 cm high and weighs 208.6 kg, has a volume of 1,100 litres. The two handles at the top each end in a Gorgon bust (winged figures). At the neck there is a half relief showing heavily armed foot fighters and wagons with a team of four. For more information on the subject, see also Ancient Wines, Kottabos, Satyricon, Drinking Culture and a list of drinking vessels from antiquity to the present day under Wine Vessels.

Vix: From Unknown - Virginia.edu/Barbarians, CC BY-SA 2.5, Link

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