The white grape variety comes from Spain. There are about a hundred synonyms; the most important ones, grouped alphabetically by country, are Doradillo(Australia); Calagrano Blanc, Malvasia, Malvoisie Espagnole(France); Djiniani(Morocco); Boal Carrasquenha, Boal Carrasquenho, Carrasquenho, Mourisco Branco, Mourisco Portalegre, Sarigo(Portugal); Amor Blanco, Aujubi, Avesso du Minho, Baladi, Baladi-Verdejo, Balay, Belledy, Blanca Cayetana, Blanco Jaén, Cagazal, Cazagal, Calagraño, Cayetana, Charello, Charelo, Chaselo, Cheres, Cirial, Dedo, Dedro, Farta Gosos, Garillo, Garrida, Garrido, Garriga, Garrilla, Hoja Vuelta, Jaén Blanco, Jaén Doradillo, Jaén Empinadillo Jaén Prieto Blanco, Jaenes, Jainas, Jarime, Jean de Castilla, Jean de Letur, Jean de Letur de Maratella, Jean Doradillo, Jean Dore, Jean Prieto, Machuenco, Maizancho, Mariouti, Morisca, Morisco, Mourisco Arsello, Naves, Naves Cazagal, Neruca, Padero, Parda, Pardina, Pirulet, Plateadillo, Robal Tierra de Barros(Spain).
The grape variety image is taken from the work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" by V. Vermorel and P. Viala. Although it appears to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Albillo Mayor, Avesso, Calagraño or Xarello varieties. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2015, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Hebén x unknown partner. The variety is a leading variety of great importance in the Iberian Peninsula, with the main Spanish synonyms Jaén Blanco and Pardina, and the Portuguese name Mourisco Branco. There is a parent-offspring relationship with the following varieties, with Alfrocheiro often being the second parent variety involved:
The late-maturing, high-yielding vine is resistant to drought, but susceptible to powdery mildew and botrytis. It produces neutral white wines with moderate acidity and alcohol content, and a tendency to oxidation. In Spain, it is grown under the name Cayetana Blanca in the Extremadura region (e.g. authorised in Ribera del Guadiana), under the name Jaén Blanco in the regions of Andalusia, La Mancha and Madrid, and under the name Pardina in Extremadura. The wines are used in large quantities for distillation, for example for the Brandy de Jerez. The total area under cultivation is 39,593 hectares.
In Portugal, it covers 148 hectares in the Alentejo region. In Australia it was introduced in the 19th century under the name Doradillo and was cultivated mainly in Riverland. However, no population was recorded here. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 39,741 hectares of vineyards, with a sharp downward trend (ten years earlier it was 55,502 hectares). This puts it in 22nd place in the worldwide grape variety ranking.