Viticulture in this North African country goes back to the Phoenicians. At the beginning of the 1st century, the Romans took over, called the new province Mauritania (and the population Berber) and introduced grape varieties from the Mediterranean countries. At the end of the 7th century, the area was conquered by the Arabs. Due to early Islamisation and the associated ban on alcohol, viticulture came to a complete standstill. From 1912 to 1956, Morocco was a French protectorate. Before the First World War, many French colonists came to the country and established viticulture in the middle of large desert areas with a hot and dry climate. Wines were supplied in large quantities to the Langudedoc to fortify the mass production of table wines with alcohol. In 1956 Morocco became independent and there was a ban on exporting wines to France. Expropriation of the French vineyard owners took place in 1973, and by 1985 most of the vineyards had been taken over by the state and wine production drastically reduced.
In the past, you needed a wealth of encyclopaedias and specialist literature to keep up to date in your vinophile professional life. Today, Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one of my best helpers and can rightly be called the "bible of wine knowledge".Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher
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