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The red grape variety originates from Italy; the name means "old house" and derives from the place of discovery. According to one hypothesis, the vine "Trebulanum" mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23-79) is an ancestor. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2005, a genetic relationship with the Catalanesca and Pallagrello Nero varieties has been established. It is a very old Campanian vine that was considered extinct in the 19th century. In the municipality of Funari di Pontelatone, north of Caserta in Campania, a single vine was found in an old stone farmhouse that had visibly survived the phylloxera disaster in the 19th century. This was propagated via cuttings.

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Hans-Georg Schwarz
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