One of the eight specific wine-growing districts in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. In 1993, the districts of Donauland (since the 2008 vintage Wagram) and Carnuntum, which until then had formed a common winegrowing area, were separated. The Celts and later the Romans already practised viticulture here. In the middle of the first century, the former Celtic kingdom of Noricum became a Roman province. The Romans built a legionary camp and a civilian city with a large amphitheatre near the village of Petronell, where the Amber Road crossed the Danube, which had around 40,000 inhabitants around 100 AD. The border against the Germanic tribes was fortified with a wall, the Limes. Extensive excavations took place in the 20th century. Outside the town, a former 20-metre-high triumphal arch commemorates the imperial conference in 308. Carnuntum was destroyed by the Germanic tribes around 400.
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