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Barrique

Designation for the French wooden barrel, which is also very often used for the development of a wine in such a container, i.e. the Barrique development. It is said to derive from barricade; because during the July revolution in 1830 with the final fall of the Bourbons, barrels filled with earth served as roadblocks. However, the 225 litre ship's measure was already used in the Bordelais in the Middle Ages. This is exactly a quarter of the tonneau with 900 litres, a common type of barrel. In France, the barrique barrel is also called the "Château model". The Pièce used in Burgundy and Champagne also has roughly this volume, as does the English Oxhoft, which can be regarded as the precursor of the barrique. Barrique barrels are also used for the ageing of spirits such as whisky or beer.

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