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Barrique

Term for the French wooden barrel, but also very often used for the ageing of a wine in such a container, i.e. barrique ageing. It is said to derive from barricade; because during the July Revolution in 1830 with the final overthrow of the Bourbons, barrels filled with earth served as roadblocks. However, the ship's measure of 225 litres was already used in the Bordelais in the Middle Ages. This is exactly a quarter of the tonneau with 900 litres, a common type of barrel. In France, the barrique barrel is also called the "château model". The pièce used in Burgundy and Champagne also has approximately this volume, as does the English oxhoft, which can be considered the precursor of the barrique. Barrique barrels are also used for the ageing of spirits such as whisky or beer.

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