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Bacchus (god of wine)

The Roman god Bacchus corresponds to the Greek god Dionysos (see there) and was adopted by the Romans more or less one to one. His name is derived from Bakchos (caller, shouting), as he was called because of the noise caused by his rollicking entourage. Bacchus is the Roman god of fertility and ecstasy, of wine and viticulture. His outward attributes are the thyrsos (symbol of fertility) and the kantharos (drinking vessel for wine) surrounded by ivy and vines. He travels through the lands accompanied by the satyrs led by the god Pan (a mixture of man and goat as representatives of boisterous activity and fertility demons who are devoted to dance and wine) and nymphs. The bacchanalia named after the god (exuberant feasts with excessive consumption of wine) correspond to the Greek Dionysia.

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