The famous ancient Roman city was located at the foot of Vesuvius in Campania. It was the centre of a flourishing wine culture around the southern bay of Naples with vineyards from the slopes of Vesuvius to Sorrento. When the Greeks colonized this area around 1,000 BC, they called it Oinotria (meaning "land of vines raised on stakes"). They brought their vines with them, including the Murgentina, which had previously been tested in Sicily, and which thrived particularly well on the volcanic slopes and was called the "Pompeian Grape". The vineyards of Pompeii were the main source of wine for Rome - the capital of the Roman Empire. The wine was mostly exported there in amphorae. In 79 A.D. the four cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis were completely destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius and subsequent ash and rock rains.