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Pompeii

The famous ancient Roman city was located at the foot of Mount Vesuvius in Campania. It was the center of a flourishing wine culture around the southern Bay of Naples with vineyards from the slopes of Vesuvius to Sorrento. When the Greeks colonized this area around 1,000 BC, they called it Oinotria (meaning "land of vines raised on stakes"). They brought their vines with them, among which was the Murgentina, previously tried in Sicily, which thrived particularly well on the volcanic slopes and was called the "Pompeian grape". The vineyards of Pompeii were the main source of wine for Rome. The wine was mostly exported there in amphorae. In 79 AD, the four cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis were completely destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius and subsequent rains of ash and rock.

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