The Greek god of forests and meadows (heaths) and generally of all nature. He was a son of Hermes and a nymph, according to a second version of Zeus and Callisto and according to a third version of Zeus and the nymph Hybris. According to his form he is a hybrid of the upper body of a human being and the lower body of a ram or goat. Pan appears as the leader of the satyrs in the wake of the Greek wine god Dionysus and is considered the inventor of the shepherd's flute named after him. He is revered by the shepherds, but they are afraid to look at him (panic). But they ask him for protection for their flocks and make sacrifices to him in return. The left picture shows a Roman mosaic of Pan. In the right picture (a sculpture from 100 B.C. found in Pompeii) he teaches the shepherd Daphnis (also a demigod from a union of Hermes with a nymph) how to play the panpipe. See also under customs, wine gods and wine saints.
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