Department in the south of France on the Mediterranean coast with the capital Carcasonne in the political region of Occitania. It was named after the river Aude. It lies between the two départements Pyrénées-Orientales (south) and Hérault (northeast). Like these, it is part of the Languedoc region with the extensive AOC area of the same name. The vineyards cover a total of almost 100,000 hectares. This is an ancient wine-growing region, the first vineyards were planted here by the Romans when Narbonne was the capital of Gaul.