Rodent widespread throughout Central Europe with a body length of between 12 and 24 centimetres (also sheared vole, meadow vole, dry rat, ground rat). The field vole is also a member of the family, although it does not play a role in viticulture. The vole lives underground in burrows up to one metre deep in meadows, gardens and farmland. It gnaws the roots and the rootstock of vines, which leads to poor budding, sudden wilting of the leaves and even death. The population density is very high, so the damage can be considerable. The pest is controlled with traps or the creation of colonisation sites for natural counterparts such as weasels and other small mammals. See also under vine enemies.