All the processes, techniques and measures used in the vineyard and cellar to produce wine from grapes. Grape varieties have been cultivated and wine has been produced for at least 6,000 if not 8,000 years, as evidenced by plant remains found in Asia Minor and numerous ancient wine vessels and artifacts from many regions. Transcaucasia and the advanced civilizations of Mesopotamia are considered the cradle of wine culture. The origin of European viticulture, however, lies mainly in ancient Greece and on the island of Crete. Of course, at that time this was done with rather primitive methods (see Antique Wines and Antique Grape Varieties and the development of the "cultural asset wine" under Drinking Culture). Interestingly, today some ancient techniques are again being used, as is the case with the production of Orange Wine (Natural Wine).