The origins of the Australian and now one of the world's largest wine multinationals lie in the founding of several historically significant wineries. These were above all Lindeman's 1843 and Penfolds 1844 in Australia, and Beringer 1876 in the Californian Napa Valley (see there). For more recent times the German-born oenologist Wolfgang Blass (*1934) must also be mentioned. In 1961 he emigrated to the Australian Barossa Valley and in 1966 he started the Wolf Blass Winery independently. He subsequently built up an empire. In 1986 he acquired 50% of the Australian Bottling Company including the sparkling wine production. Through union with the Mildara Group in the Coonawarra area, the company Mildara Pale with over a dozen Australian wineries or cellars.