The Australian Grape Growing Area (GI) is located near the town of Penola in the Limestone Coast zone in the south of the state of South Australia 350 km south-east of Adelaide. The name comes from the Aboriginal language and means something like "honey sucker" (Honeysuckle). A special feature is the reddish, iron-rich soil type Terra Rossa. As early as the 1860s, settlers became aware of the special property of this soil. At first, however, this spot was only used for fruit growing. The father of the winegrowing area, who also gave it its name, is considered to be the immigrant Scot John Riddoch (1827-1901), who founded the Coonawarra Fruit Colony. He first planted vineyards in the Katnook Estate and Wynns area in the early 1890s. He triggered a huge boom by selling 800 hectares of land. From 1960 onwards, the optimal suitability for red wines was recognised, especially from the varieties Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon.
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