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Barossa Valley

Located about 70 kilometres north-east of Adelaide, the Viticultural Area (GI) in the state of South Australia is considered one of the most important and famous in Australia. The surrounding Barossa Ranges are part of the South Australian mountain range Mount Lofty Ranges. The name Barossa is of Spanish origin. Together with the Eden Valley area, Barossa Valley forms the Barossa Zone. The first settlers were of English descent. The basis for viticulture, however, was created a little later by German settlers, mainly from Silesia, as well as Posen and Prussia in the period 1840 to 1880, who brought the Riesling with them. The frequent German street names are a reminder of this. In 1847, Johann Gramp (1819-1903), an immigrant from Bavaria, planted the first vines on the flat valley floor; today this is the Orlando vineyard. In 1845, the English doctor Dr. Christopher Penfold (1811-1870) founded his winery here, which still exists today under Penfolds. The famous winegrowing pioneer Max Schubert (1915-1994) later worked at this estate. Joseph Ernest Seppelt (1813-1868), a native of Silesia, founded one of the largest wineries on the continent in 1851.

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