French term (German: Halbpacht, Teilpacht) for old a form of lease in which the owner or lessor gives his land to the sharecropper in return for a part of the harvest. The landlord often has a direct influence on the cultivation, but the sharecropper is responsible for the day-to-day operation. He also provides various materials such as fertilizer and pesticides, as well as machines if necessary. The term "half-leaseholder" comes etymologically from the word "half = moitié", which means half a share of the product. However, this can vary according to local and temporal tradition and according to the type of contract (today in France a maximum of one third). The half tenant usually pays his share with the money he receives from the sale of his products. If he hands it over directly to the lessor, it is called a lease in kind. In the past, this type of lease was widespread, but today it has been greatly reduced. In viniculture, this lease is called "vigneronnage" in France, in the French-speaking part of Switzerland also "grangère". Such a lease is still common in Burgundy today. See also under customs in viticulture.