Designation for a bulbous or cylindrical vessel used for the transport, storage and preservation as well as the withdrawal of liquids. Smaller formats also serve as drinking vessels. Amphorae also belong to the group of jar-like vessels. The preferred materials for the production of jugs were and are mainly stoneware or glass, but silver, tin, porcelain, earthenware and others are also used. Usually, a jug is provided with a vertical handle on the side and sometimes with a beak-shaped spout (spout) and also a lid. In Greek mythology, the "Pandora's box" was a pithos (clay jug). Canopic jugs are the vessels in which the entrails were buried separately during mummification in ancient Egypt. In the ancient place Kanopus (Egypt) there was a temple where the god of the afterlife Osiris was worshipped in the form of a jug with a human head containing Nile water.
The jug was also often used as a symbol, for example, it is considered a symbol of drunkenness, in the literary work "Der zerbrochne Krug" by Heinrich Kleist as a metaphor for lost innocence and as a reminder in the proverb "Der Krug geht zum Brunnen so lange zum Brunnen, bis er bricht". Jug law was understood to mean the right granted in the Middle Ages to serve guests commercially in a restaurant, which was often coupled with the right to brew beer.
Jugs are in use in many countries with country-specific designations, such as Brocca (Italy), Cruche (France), Jug (England) or Krushka (Russia). The difference between a jug and a watering can is the tubular spout for the spout (as with a watering can) that is common there. In today's language, a jug is usually understood to be a drinking vessel, especially for beer with a volume of 0.5 or 1 litre. In Austria, a "Krügerl" is the name for both the drinking vessel and the volume. In Germany, the same applies to the "Halbe"; here the terms "Humpen" or Bierbembel are also used. Jug-like vessels are also often used for decanting wine. See also under Hollow Measures and Wine Vessels.
Islamic jug: By Marie-Lan Nguyen, Gemeinfrei, Link
Jug Florence: From I, Sailko, CC BY 2.5, Link
Bartmannskrug: From Goldi64 - Meyers Konv. encyclopedia, Link
Stoneware jug: From Goldi64 - Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Art Nouveau jug: From Wikipedia on Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.5, Link
Gold jug: From Wilson Blanco on Pixabay
Beaker: From PublicDomainPictures on Pixabay
Krügerl: Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer