One of the five specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Burgenland. In 2016, a restructuring took place with partial changes in the names and area boundaries. However, Mittelburgenland was not affected by this; the name and borders remained the same. The Celts and Romans already cultivated vines here. According to legend, the Frankish Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) also visited this region. In the Middle Ages, Cistercian monks from Burgundy brought the grape varieties Blaufränkisch and Pinot Gris with them and cultivated viticulture. The hilly, forested area covers the entire central part of the province between Lower Austria in the west and Hungary in the east. Well-known wine-growing communities are Deutschkreutz, Frankenau, Kroatisch Geresdorf, Kleinwarasdorf, Horitschon, Lackenbach, Lutzmannsburg, Neckenmarkt, Nikitsch, Ritzing, Unterfrauenhaid and Unterpetersdorf. Well-known vineyards (sites) are Dürrau, Gfanger, Hochäcker, Hochberg, Kart and Kirchholz.