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The Italian region with the capital Potenza is located "at the bottom of the boot". Viticulture can be traced back to the Phoenicians. The Romans called the land Lucania and this name, along with Basilicata, is still in use today. The current name derives from the Byzantine "basilikos", which in the 9th and 10th centuries was a name for the provincial princes who ruled here. The mountainous highlands consist mainly of sedimentary rock with soils of clay, lime and sand and are crossed by numerous watercourses. Basilicata is enclosed by the three regions of Puglia, Calabria and Campania. There are two short stretches of coastline on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian Seas.

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