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Abbreviation for "Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau". This US office, which has existed since the beginning of 2003, emerged from the BATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives). As a result of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on 11 September 2001, the Homeland Security Act came into force in 2002. In connection with this, a division of tasks took place. The corresponding responsibilities and functions regarding alcohol and tobacco were removed from the BATF and assigned to the TTB. These include approving the design, terms, and denomination of wine labels and packaging and, in part, wine advertising and trade; approving or denying official permits for new wineries; monitoring records and tracking production techniques, quantities, logistics, and the collection of alcohol taxes; and approving or denying applications for new vineyards in the US. Thus, the agency has responsibility over the US appellation system AVA (American Viticultural Area). TTB is part of the Department of the Treasury, BATF remains part of the Department of Justice. See also under Viticultural Institutions.

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