Abbreviation for "Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives". The US Federal Bureau of Investigation was established in 1972 and was subordinate to the US Department of Justice. Its main tasks were to combat violent crime and protect the public in connection with alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives. In detail, the authority was responsible, for example, for taxation, for the approval of labels, for the movement of alcohol between the states and protection against adulteration (pancakes). In connection with alcohol, compliance with the legal regulations was monitored. On behalf of the US federal government, the office developed the American Appellation System AVA (American Viticultural Area) from the 1970s onwards, based on the model of the French Appellation d'Origine Protégée, which then became effective for the entire USA in 1983.
All new AVA's had to be applied for at the BATF. As a result of the "Homeland Security Act", which came into force in 2002, the tasks were divided. The topics "weapons and crime" were separated from the functions of "regulation and taxation". Responsibility for firearms and explosives was transferred to the Ministry of Justice, along with responsibility for investigating arson and crimes related to alcohol and tobacco, such as smuggling and counterfeiting. All alcohol and tobacco tax and trade agendas were transferred to the new Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), which is attached to the Ministry of Finance, as of January 2003.