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The wine-growing region is located in the federal state of Saxony in Germany. There is no evidence that cultivated viticulture goes back to Bishop Benno of Meissen (1010-1106). Winegrowing on the Elbe was first mentioned in 1161 in a deed of gift to a Cistercian monastery by Otto, Margrave of Meissen (1156-1190). Elector Christian I (1560-1591) issued the first wine-growing regulations in 1588. At the beginning of the 17th century, wine-growing experts from Württemberg were brought to the Elbe to introduce cultivation methods "the Württemberg way", such as terracing the steep slopes with dry stone walls. Since viticulture was practised as far as the lowlands of the Elbe and had displaced food production there, Elector Johann Georg III. (1647-1691) issued the prohibition "Where the plough can go, no vine shall stand" in 1684. The Saxon royal house owned vineyards in Pillnitz and Wachwitz, which is indicated by the Royal Vineyard. In the mid-19th century there were still almost 1,700 hectares of vines, but a large part had been destroyed by mildew and phylloxera.

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Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

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