This famous French wine-growing area is located in the east of the Bordeaux region and, together with Pomerol, forms the core area of the so-called rive droite (right bank) of the Gironde estuary and the Dordogne. It is named after the small town of about 2,000 inhabitants, which lies on the slopes of a hill above the valley of the Dordogne. It takes its name from the Saint Benedictine monk Émilion (Aemilianus). According to legend, he lived here in the 7th century in the forest of Combes in a cave that is now on the grounds of Château Laniote. Saint-Émilion is also a stop on the Way of St James to Santiago de Compostela. It is one of the oldest wine-growing areas in France, as the Romans planted the first vines here.