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DO area for red wines, rosé wines and, since 2019, also white wines in the Castile-León region of northern Spain. This extends along the Duero River (which subsequently crosses the Portuguese border where it is called Douro) for a length of 115 kilometres and a maximum width of 35 kilometres. The economic centre of the region is the town of Aranda de Duero in the province of Burgos. To the west of Ribera del Duero are the DO areas of Cigales, Rueda and Toro. Éthere is a very old viticultural history. In 1972, near the village of Baños de Valdearados, a Roman mosaic almost 2,000 years old was discovered, representing the deity Bacchus with Ariadne and Ampelos on an area of 66 m². By the end of the 19th century, the area under vines had grown to around 50,000 hectares. Phylloxera, mildew and the agricultural policies of General Francisco Franco (1892-1975) led to a crisis in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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