The Baltimore/USA lawyer Robert McDowell Parker jr. (*1947) was one of the most influential wine journalists and wine critics in the world for several decades during his active career. At the end of the 1970s, the unknown in the wine world at the time disempowered the leading British wine journalists. Supposedly his "nose" (tasting ability) was insured for one million dollars, which is why he was also called "The Million Dollar Nose" or "Wine Pope".
The impulse for the occupation with wine was a trip to Alsace at the age of 20. In 1978, the first issue of the bimonthly magazine "Wine Advocate" was published, which contains assessments of individual wines. Today there are over 45,000 subscribers in about 40 countries worldwide. In 2013, Parker sold shares to a Singaporean investor group represented by Soo Hoo Khon Peng and retired from the editorial board of Wine Advocate. His successor is US journalist Lisa Perrotti-Brown. Finally, in May 2019, Robert Parker retired for good.