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Measuring cup

Vessel in the form of a chalice used in the Christian Church during the celebration of the Eucharist (Lord's Supper) to hold the communion wine. The use of a chalice goes back to the accounts of Jesus' last meal with his disciples in the three synoptic gospels (Mark 14:12-25; Matthew 26:17-29; Luke 22:14-20), which Jesus celebrated with his disciples on the day before his death on the cross. Even in ancient times, chalices made of less valuable materials such as bronze or wood were also made of gold and silver. Since the 9th century, however, precious metals such as silver, brass or copper have been used almost exclusively, often decorated with ornaments and Christian symbols. On the classical chalice, the actual cup (cuppa), which is gilded on the inside, and the foot are clearly separated from each other. A knob-like thickening (nodus) is formed as an intermediate piece in order to be able to grip the chalice better.

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