The small valley named after the municipality of the same name is located west of Haugsdorf in the north of the Weinviertel wine-growing region in Lower Austria. Probably there was already viticulture here at the beginning of the first millennium. This is vouched for in the year 1140, when the Maltese Order of Knights in "Mourberg" was given land with vines. Today, the Castle Winery of the Order of Malta is run at this historic site. The area is, so to speak, formed as an island on the south-eastern slopes of the Buchberg. It has a very special microclimate with intensive sunshine, which is ideal for viticulture and also favours the production of red wine.
The vineyards, on very calcareous soil with clay and sand, comprise about 280 hectares of vineyards, cultivated by 140 winegrowers. The leading variety Grüner Veltliner dominates with a share of 80%, followed by the white wine varietiesPinot Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling and Chardonnay and the red wine varieties Zweigelt, Blauer Portugieser, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Well known vineyards are Antlaßbergen (Atlaßbergen), Blickenbergen, Die alten Bonder, Hangern, Hintern Häusern, Hochlüsse, Hundschupfen, Maasgrund, Neudeggen, Rosenpoint, Saazen, Weidenthal, Zeiselbergen and Zwerch Bonder. Well-known Mailberg producers are Hagn Wolfgang, Schlossweingut Malteser Ritterorden and Zens Josef. In 1982, the first vineyard in Lower Austria was planted with the Cabernet Sauvignon variety in Mailberg.
Under the brand name "Mailberg Valley", winegrowers from the six communities of Albern, Dürnleis, Hart, Kleinbaumgarten, Kleinweikersdorf and Mailberg have joined forces to produce quality wines with "controlled origin" according to the French appellation model (comparable to Chablis) on around 150 hectares of vineyards. The seal of quality on the label is an old view of the Mailberg Castle, which is owned by the Order of Knights of Malta. It guarantees that a wine comes from the Mailberg vineyards and has the typical characteristics of spiciness, fullness, digestibility and optimal physiological maturity. The wine must come from 100% Mailberg vineyards, be cultivated in accordance with the guidelines of controlled and integrated pest management (KIP), meet the requirements of the National Quality Wine Testing Number and pass the test of a strict internal tasting commission.
Picture: © ÖWM -- Gerhard Trumler