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Madeira Wine Company

At the beginning of the 20th century there was a major sales crisis for Madeira as a result of the phylloxera introduced in the 1850s and the powdery mildew that appeared in the 1870s. Therefore, in 1913, Welsh & Cunha and Henriques & Camara and later other trading companies joined together on the Portuguese island to form the "Madeira Wine Association" in order to achieve synergy effects by bundling the production costs. However, the individual Madeira companies or brands remained largely independent. The two Madeira Houses, Blandy's and Leacock's, merged in 1925 and became the main owners, with John Ernest Blandy as Chairman and Thomas L. Mullins as Managing Director. Other companies were subsequently added, including the large company Cossart Gordon in 1953, and a regrouping under the name of "Madeira Wine Company" took place in 1981.

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