Canton and wine-growing region with the capital Lausanne in French-speaking Switzerland. The vineyards cover around 3,900 hectares of vines. The beginnings of viticulture date back to the Romans. In the Middle Ages, pioneering work was done by the Cistercians, whose monks painstakingly cleared the steep slopes of most of the vineyards that still exist today. Since 1995, there has been an AOC system with Grand Cru vineyards. The use of the designation Grand Cru is permitted throughout the canton, provided that the wines come from vineyards listed in the vineyard register and bear designations such as Clos (enclosed vineyard), Château (castle), Domaine (vineyard domain) or Abbaye (monastic abbey). The canton is divided into four areas, one located in the Three Lakes region and three on Lake Geneva (Lac Léman):
This appellation actually comprises three appellations, there is Bonvillars with 195 hectares (with the well-known commune of Champagne), Côtes de l'Orbe with 168 hectares - both on Lake Neuchâtel (Lac de Neuchâtel), and Vully on Lake Murten (Lac de Morat) with 50 hectares. However, they are mostly referred to together as Bonvillars or, rarely, as Nord-Vaudois (North Vaadt) because it is the most northerly growing area. Vully is special because this appellation spans the two cantons of Fribourg (107 ha) and Vaud (50 ha). The winegrowers of Vully, however, see themselves as a common wine region, even though there is a cantonal border with different cantonal wine...
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