See under corkscrew.
Device (also cork screw or plug puller) for removing the corks from the bottle neck. The cork has become the most common bottle stopper in Europe since the middle of the 17th century. In the beginning, the corks were not driven completely into the bottle neck, which made removal somewhat easier. The first primitive tools were small, pointed iron thorns with which the cork was often removed in pieces. The T-corkscrew, named after the shape, is considered the oldest and most common variant and consists only of a spiral attached to the cross handle. The corkscrew was first mentioned in 1681, the English term "Corkscrew" was coined around 1720. Until then, also "Worm" or "Bottlescrew" was common. If the spiral has a so-called "soul" as in the picture on the right (so that a match fits into the inner winding), it is called a spiral. The soul prevents the cork from crumbling
In the second half of the eighteenth century there were the first bell corkscrews in which the process of pulling was supported by the use of a threaded rod. The Englishman Samuel Hershaw applied for his patent in 1795. A small disc above the spiral stopped the screwing movement of the corkscrew into the cork and set the cork in rotation. The resulting reduced friction of the cork on the bottle neck allows the cork to be pulled gently. An improved version was developed in 1802 by his compatriot Edward Thomason. His patent continued the rotary movements of the screw-in and initiated the drawing process via a second, counter-rotating shaft thread. In the wooden version shown in the picture on the right, the spindle is turned into the cork with the upper cross handle. When it is completely screwed in, the cork is pulled out through the thread with the help of the lower cross handle.
There are countless variations of the scissors corkscrew (also joint, link or accordion...