The American politician Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was born in Shadwell, Virginia, the son of a tobacco farmer. As one of the pioneers for a free America, he formulated the first draft of the Declaration of Independence of the USA. Between 1785 and 1789 he was US envoy in Paris and and visited many wine-growing regions in France and Italy in 1787 and 1788 to study viticulture. He gave detailed descriptions of the Bordeaux wines and evaluated the best wineries, including Château Carbonnieux (Graves) and Château-Grillet (Rhône). His ranking was included in the famous 1855 Bordeaux Classification. To his friend and first US president George Washington (1732-1799) he sent 30 bottles of the Château d'Yquem, which was visited in 1787.