Wine-growing community in the Burgenland wine-growing region of Neusiedlersee, which was first mentioned in a document as early as 1217 as "Galus". In the 16th century, viticulture reached a high point here, mainly due to the cultivation measures of the Cistercians. The Turkish war in 1683 and the resulting devastation caused a setback with a subsequent eventful history. Towards the end of the 19th century, Gols was hit particularly hard by the devastating effects of phylloxera. Professor Paul Vetter (a viticulture inspector from Ödenburg) made great achievements in grafting the vines with American rootstocks and thus successfully combating it. The citizens of Gols therefore erected a monument to the "new founder of viticulture" in the village out of gratitude for this.