The history of this famous French wine in the southern Rhône is closely linked to the Roman Catholic Church. From 1309 to 1377, the city of Avignon was the seat of the popes and, from 1378 to 1408, of two counter-popes. Clement V (1264-1314) became the first Pope in exile here in 1309, followed by six more. One of them was Pope John XXII (1244-1334), born in Cahors, who chose Châteauneuf Castle as his summer residence. He had the castle converted into a summer residence and gave important impulses to viticulture. He brought in winegrowers from Cahors, who established viticulture here and produced a red wine called "Vin d'Avignon". This was, so to speak, the predecessor of Châteauneuf-du-Pape, but this name only became common in the 19th century. The present-day municipality of Châteauneuf-du-Pape was called Châteauneuf Calcernier until 1893. The symbol of the city of Avignon with two crossed keys (those of Saint Peter) and the Pope's tiara is a reminder of this past. A great lover of Châteauneuf-du-Pape wine was the President of the Republic, Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970).
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