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The capital of the ancient Carthaginian Empire was founded by the Phoenicians (city-state of Tyros) in 814 BC twelve kilometres north of Tunis as a trading colony (according to Greek mythology by the female mythical figure Dido). The latter also brought viticulture here and the Carthaginians adopted their knowledge. There were flourishing vineyards around the city. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (90-21 BC) describes the Carthaginian countryside in the fourth century BC as full of vines and olives, especially in the Bagradas valley and in the south of present-day Tunisia. From the Punic writer Mago (2nd century BC) comes the 26-volume work "De re rustica" in Punic about agriculture, including viticulture, which no longer survives but is often quoted by later authors. The Roman historian Tacitus (55-120) reports in his Annals about a Carthaginian wine made from dried grapes.

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