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Located in North Africa, the state with the capital Tunis covers an area of 163,610 km². It borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east (1,146 km of coastline), Algeria to the west and Libya to the south-east. Tunisia belongs to the Maghreb countries (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Western Sahara). The largest offshore island is Djerba (514 km²).

Tunesiern - Landkarte, Flagge, Wappen


The Phoenicians were already cultivating vines in Carthage (capital of the ancient Carthaginian Empire) in ancient times. However, after the conquest by the Turks in 1574 and the associated Islamic ban on alcohol, it came to a complete standstill. In the 19th century, French and Italian colonists planted vineyards on the Cap Bon peninsula and began growing grapes professionally. By 1930, over one million hectolitres of wine were being produced annually. Phylloxera reached the country relatively late in 1936 and caused the vineyards to be reduced by more than half.

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Thomas Götz

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,410 Keywords · 47,049 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,744 Pronunciations · 205,891 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon