The white grape variety comes from Italy. Some of the numerous synonyms are also varieties. These are among others Albana a Grappolo Fitto, Albana a Grappolo Lungo, Albana a Lungo Grappolo di Faenza, Albana Bianca, Albana Bianca di Romagna, Albana Bijeli, Albana della Bagarona, Albana della Compadrana, Albana della Forcella, Albana della Gaiana Albana della Serra, Albana di Bologna, Albana di Romagna, Albana Gentile, Albana Gentile di Bertinoro, Albana Gentile di Ravenna, Albana Grossa, Albana di Rimini, Albanone, Creminese, Criminese, Ribona, Rimenèse., Riminèse Riminèse ad Uva Rossa, Riminèse Bianco, Riminèse dell Elba and Sforcella
In any case, it is probably a very old grape variety that was already mentioned in 1305 by Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320). It was once widespread in Emilia-Romagna under numerous names. The hypothesis that it had already been known to the Romans in ancient times can of course no longer be proven. The name probably derives from Colli Albani, the volcanic hills near Rome in the Lazio region. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2007, the Riminèse variety grown in Corsica is identical. There is a parent-offspring relationship with the Italian leading variety Garganega.
The late-maturing, high-yielding variety is susceptible to botrytis and downy mildew, but resistant to powdery mildew. It produces a colourful, golden yellow white wine, which is also used for sparkling wine production. The variety is mainly spread in Emilia-Romagna, but also in the regions of Liguria, Lombardy and Marche. The DOCG white wine Albana di Romagna is produced from Albana. It was the first white wine to be classified at this highest level. In 2010, a total of 1,523 hectares of vineyards were classified, with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier, the figure was still 2,487).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service